Discrete Trial Training. What is it exactly?
Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is a form of Applied Behavioral Analysis that is used to help children on the Autism Spectrum. Discrete Trial Training breaks down skills that need to be learned into small steps for easier learning.
Applied Behavior Analysis is used by practically everyone in some form. It is the pattern of giving an instruction, expecting a behavior, and receiving a consequence. You can see examples in workplaces, classrooms, and families. Young children quickly learn the pattern at home when they are asked to pick up their toys, either do or don’t pick up their toys, and receive the consequence of being rewarded with a lollipop or not.
How it applies to Autism
DTT is used for young children on the Autism Spectrum to learn things. Often the tasks DTT is used for are tasks that we overlook or think children should just “know” somehow. Some of these tasks include learning about a particular color, learning to identify a specific animal, or learning how to use a fork or spoon. DTT can be used for more complex tasks, as well, building bit by bit for students to learn how to use sign language, write, or follow directions.
DTT works on the idea that people respond to new situations based on their previous experiences. If people, especially young children, don’t understand what is expected of them in an experience they will have trouble going forward. This is especially true if the experience doesn’t go well or it is clear that they did not meet expectations. DTT ensures that the time that is needed is taken to make sure students on the Autism Spectrum are set up for success.
Using DTT has been proven to be an effective way of teaching skills to students with Autism so that they can be more successful in the classroom and into their adult lives. It is an involved process and can take a long time, but helps Autistic students learn and enjoy learning.
If you think Discrete Trial Training might be of use in your classroom, in your family, or for those closest to you, take the time to check it out. Helping a student with Autism be more successful will always be worth your time.
How it works
Test and look for 5-6 new words (sounds, numbers, shapes, etc.)
Step 2: •Echo each new word •Clap and spell each new word •What’s the word?
“Point to the card __” (easy)
“Point to the card __” (easy/mastered)
“Point to the card __” (easy)
“Point to the card __” (not mastered)
Teacher points to card “What word?” (easy)
Teacher points to card “What word?”(easy)
Teacher points to card “What word?” (not mastered)
Document “√” for skills they got correct and “-” for those not correct
If “√” three times in a row that word can be marked “M” this skill is now considered mastered.
Check my Discrete Trial Training Resources here!
Free Data Tracking Sheet
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